Q1 Where is Maryborough?
Maryborough is on th west of Victoria
Q2 What did the Aboriginal’s call NSW?
The Aboriginal people in Australia have no place name for NSW.
Over 70 Aboriginal places have been declared in 1974
Some Aboriginal names for places are …
Sydney’s Aboriginal name is “Djubuguli” refers to what is today named Bennelong point (where the Opera house stands), whereas “Cadi” denotes the entire Sydney Cove
* Kurri Kurri (NSW) – ‘Kurri Kurri’ is Aboriginal for ‘to hurry along’ or ‘to go very quickly’.
* Wagga Wagga (NSW) – In many Aboriginal languages, Wagga Wagga means ‘place of many crows’. * Moree (NSW) – ‘Moree’ means ‘long waterhole’ or ‘rising sun’.
* Wollongong (NSW) This is an interesting one. ‘Wollongong’ comes from an Aboriginal word that means ‘hard ground near water’.
Q3 What is the dreamtime?
The Aboriginal people have lived in Australia for over 50,000 years. They lived far apart from each other , so they spoke their own languages. There was no written language , so talking and storytelling was how they communicated with each other.
For the Aboriginal people the beginning of the World is known as the Dream Time. The Dream time stories explain how the World is like it is today.
They believe that the earth was flat and featureless, with no living things. Then giant spirit creatures sleeping below the surface woke up and walked the surface of the earth.
Some of the Dream time stories cannot be told except by a tribal elder because they tell of the sacred places and things.
This is an example of a dreamtime story.
How the Sun was made
Long ago in the Dreamtime, when the animals were first on the earth which were very much bigger than they are today, there was a time when there was no sun, only a moon and stars.
One day, Dinewan the emu and Brolga the beautiful dancing bird, were out on a large plain arguing and fighting. Brolga got so angry that she ran over to Dinewan’s nest and grabbed one of her large eggs and threw it up into the sky with all her might. It landed on a heap of firewood breaking, spilling the yellow yolk that burst into flames. This lit up the whole world below to the astonishment of all the creatures as they had only been used to the semi-darkness and were dazzled by such brightness.
A good spirit who lived in the sky saw how beautiful the earth looked when it was lit up by this blaze. He thought it would be a good thing to make a fire every day; which he has done ever since. All night the good spirit and his helpers collect wood and stack it up. When the stack is nearly big enough, the good spirit sends out the morning star to let them know on earth that the fire will soon be lit.
However, the spirits found that sending out the morning star was not enough because those who slept did not see it. The spirits decided they must have a noise made at the dawn of each new day to announce the arrival of the sun that would wake the sleepers – but what noise.
Then one day the spirits heard the laughter of Goo-goor-gaga, the kookaburra ringing through the air. This was the noise the spirits were looking for. They asked Goo-goor-gaga that as the morning star faded and the day dawned, every morning would he laugh his loudest to awaken all the sleepers before sunrise. Goo-goor-gaga agreed and has done so ever since – making the air ring with his early morning laughter.
goo-goor-gaga – goo-goor-gaga – goo-goor-gaga
Michael J Connolly
Q4 Do aboriginals speak other languages?
Aboriginal people are experts when it comes to language. Before the invasion of Europeans. Many of them could be able to speak 2 to5 languages very well . Because thy had an oral culture (this means a talking culture) they were masters at remembering. This is different to the culture that we live in. We write most things. Many Aboriginal languages are being forgotten.
Here is some information.
- 250 Number of Aboriginal languages spoken in Australia before invasion .
- 145 Number of Aboriginal languages spoken in Australia today. 110 of them are “critically endangered” .
- 50,000 Number of Aboriginal people whose first language is an Aboriginal language. People who speak Yolngu: 6,000, Arrernte: 3,000, Warlpiri: 3,000 .
Q5 How does it feel to be an aboriginal person
People who identify there self as ‘Aboriginal’ range from dark skinned, broad –nosed to blonde-haired, blue-eyed people. Aboriginal people define not by skin colour but by relationships. The Aboriginal people are very connected to the land. Many aboriginal art tell us about the connection between people and their land. They have a spiritual, physical, social and cultural connection with the land.